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:2008年翻译资格考试三级口译模拟试题二(3)

放大字体  缩小字体 发布日期:2018-12-21   来源:kraladam.com  作者:bjcyfpgs  浏览次数:973
核心提示:今业网校栏目小编为大家介绍关于“2008年翻译资格考试三级口译模拟试题二(3)”,希望能帮助到大家:Part C: Listening and Trans

今业网校栏目小编为大家介绍关于“2008年翻译资格考试三级口译模拟试题二(3)”,希望能帮助到大家:

Part C: Listening and Translation

1. Sentence Translation

  Directions:In this part of the test, you will hear 5 sentences in English. You will hearthe sentences onLY ONCE. Af ter you have heard each sentence, translate it intoChinese and writeyour version in the corresp onding space in your ANSWERBOOKLET.

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)

2. Passage Translation

  Directions:In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages in English. You will hearthepassages onLY ONCE. Af ter you have heard each p assage, translate it intoChinese and writeyour version in the corresp onding space in your ANSWERBOOKLET. You may take notes while you are listening.

(1)
(2)

SECTION 2: STUDY SKILLS(45 minutes)

  Directions:In this section, you will read severalpassages. Each p assage isf ollowed byseveral questions based on its content. You are to choose ONE best answer, (A), (B), (C)or (D), to each question. Answer all the questionsf ollowing eachpassage on the basisof what is stated or imp lied in thatp assage and write the letter of the answer you havechosen in the corresp onding space in your ANS WER BOOKLET.

Questions 1--5

  One day, drought may be a thing of the past, at least in any country not too far fromthe sea. Vast areas of desert throughout the world may for the first time come to life andprovide millions of hectares of cultivated land where now nothing grows.

  By the end of this century this may not be mere speculation. Scientists are alreadylooking into the possibility of using some of the available ice in the Arctic and Antarctic.In these regions there are vast ice-caps formed by snow that has fallen over the past50,000 years. Layer upon layer of deep snow means that, when melted, the snow waterwould be pure, not salty as sea-ice would be. There is so much potential pure water herethat it would need only a fraction to turn much of the desert or poorly irrigated parts ofthe world into rich farmland. And what useful packages would come in ! It should bepossible to hack off a bit of ice and transport it!Alternatively perhaps a passing icebergcould be captured. They are always breaking away from the main caps and floatingaround, pushed by currents, until they eventually melt and are wasted.

  Many icebergs are, of course, much too small to be towed any distance, and wouldmelt before they reached a country that needed them anywhere. It would be necessaryto harness one that was manageable and that was big enough to provide a good supplywhen it reached us. Engineers think that an iceberg up to 11 kilometres long and 2kilometres wide could be transported if the tug pulling it was as big as a supertanker!Even then they would cover only 32 kilometres every day. However, once the icebergwas at its destination, say at one end of Hong Kong harbour, more than 7,000 millioncubic metres of water could be taken from it! That would probably be more thanenough for Hong Kong even in the hottest summer! But no doubt a use could be foundfor it.

  Apparently, scientists say, there would not be too much wastage in such ajourney.The larger the iceberg, the slower it melts, even if it is towed through the tropics. This is because when the sun has a bigger area to warm up, less heat actually gets into theiceberg. The vast frozen center would be unaffected.

  Even with the giant tug that would have to be available to tow an iceberg sevenmiles long, the voyage would take many months from the Antarctic to Hong Kong, forexample, but as stronger engines are built and more is known about sea currents, thejourney could get shorter and shorter and thus the wastage less and less. Airline pilotshave learnt to use jet streams ten miles above the earth to increase speed and save fuelso, surely, a boat towing an iceberg could make use of fast-flowing currents and avoidwarmer water.

1. The main idea of the first paragraph is that _____.

(A) much of desert has been changed into rich farmland already
(B) the problem of drought could easily be solved all over the world
(C) ice from the polar area may be used to solve the problem of drought
(D) it is possible to solve the problem of drought in many countries

2. We learn form the passage that icebergs _____.

(A) took shape as early as 50,000 years ago
(B) are eventually wasted while floating around
(C) melt more slowly in tropics than in any other areas
(D) are often too big to be of any value

3. The difficulty of using ice to solve the drought problem lies in all of the followingEXCEPT _____.

(A) the proper equipment for transportation
(B) the time taken on the journey
(C) the storage of the fresh water
(D) the proper size of icebergs

4. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?

(A) The time for towing icebergs may be made shorter.
(B) It is possible to use ships to tow icebergs from the polar areas.
(C) Airline pilots may make use ofjet streams to help towing an iceberg.
(D) Not too much of the iceberg would melt while being towed through the oceans.

5. The author s attitude towards the solution to the problem of drought is _____.

(A) doubtful
(B) positive
(C) discouraging
(D) critical

更多翻译资格考试相关信息请关注:

2008全国翻译资格等级考试网上辅导方案
2008年全国翻译资格等级考试下半年考试时间:11月8日,9日
全国翻译资格等级考试常见问题及解答
全国翻译资格等级考试大纲汇总
翻译资格等级考试用书推荐

:2008年翻译资格考试三级口译模拟试题二(4)

Questions 6--10

  Most sore throats are caused by an infection which treatment with antibioticscannot cure. But with simple remedies the patient normally gets better in 4 or 5 days.Sore throats are common. Most of the time the soreness is worse in the morningand improves as the day progresses.

  Like colds, the vast majority of sore throats are caused by viral infections. Thismeans most sore throats will NOT respond to antibiotics. Many people have a mildsore throat at the beginning of every cold. When the nose or sinuses become infected,drainage can run down the back of the throat and irritate it, especially at night. Or, thethroat itself can be infected.

  With a sore throat, sometimes the tonsils or surrounding parts of the throat areinflamed. Either way, removing the tonsils to try to prevent future sore throats is notrecommended for most children.

  Tonsillitis, however, usually starts with a sore throat which causes pain onswallowing. With children―and some adults―there may be a fever and the patient isobviously not feeling well. It may be possible to see white spots on the back of thethroat. The neck may also swell, both of which are the normal response to infection.Sometimes a sore throat may occur with the common cold, and with influenzathere may be dryness of the throat, pain on coughing and loss of voice.

TREATMENT:

  Asp irin: To help relieve the pain on swallowing and (if there is one) the fever. Useaspirin tablets dissolved in water so that the patient can gargle before swallowing.Repeat the treatment every 4 hours.
  Drink: Encourage the patient to drink plenty.
  Food: Food should not be forced on a patient who does not want to eat.
  Steam: If there is pain in the throat on coughing, breathing in steam may help.

CHILDREN:

  Young children, who may not be able to gargle, should be given aspirin dissolvedin water every 4 hours in the right dose for their age.
  At one year: A single junior aspirin.
  At five years: Half an adult aspirin.
  At eight years: One whole adult aspirin.

WHEN TO SEE THE DOCTOR:

If the sore throat it still getting worse after 2 days.
If the patient complains of earache.
It the patient s fever increases.
If the patient or parent is very worried.

6. According to the passage, it would appear that most sore throats _____.

(A) require an immediate visit to a doctor
(B) respond quickly to treatment with an antibiotic
(C) rarely turn out to be serious illnesses
(D) result in tonsillitis even when treated

7. One of the signs of tonsillitis can often be _____.

(A) difficulty in swallowing food and liquid
(B) pain in the chest when the patient coughs
(C) white spots appearing on the neck
(D) earache during the first four or five days

8. In order to treat a sore throat one should _____.

(A) prevent the patient from eating too much
(B) give the patient up to 4 aspirin tablets every hour
(C) make sure the patient takes in plenty of liquid
(D) make the patient gargle with soft drink

9. You should call the doctor in if _____.

(A) the infection spreads to another member of the family
(B) swelling occurs in the region of the ears
(C) the patient s voice is lost after two days
(D) the patient s condition continues to worsen

10. As used in the passage, the word “gargle” means _____.

(A) to wash one s mouth and throat with a liquid in motion by breathing through it
(B) to eat something with a continuous and often audible action of one sjaws
(C) to bite and work in the mouth with one s teeth, especially to make it easier toswallow something
(D) to cause or allow something, especially food or drink, to pass down one s sore throat

Questions 11--15

  I watched as Dr Ian Stead, the archaeologist in charge of the excavation, begancarefully removing the peat with a clay modelling tool. X-rays taken through the boxwhile it was at the hospital revealed ribs, backbone, arm bones and a skull (apparentlywith fractures)。 However, the bones showed up only faintly because acid in the peat hadremoved minerals from them.

  Using the X-rays, Stead started on what he thought might be a leg. By his side wasProfessor Frank Oldfield, of Liverpool University, an expert on peat who could identifyvegetation from stems only a fraction of an inch long. “Similar bodies found in bogs inDenmark show signs of a violent death,” Stead said. “It is essential for us to be able todistinguish between the plant fibres in peat and clothing or a piece of rope which mighthave been used to hang him.”

  As Stead continued his gentle probing, a brown leathery limb began to materialiseamidst the peat; but not until most of it was exposed could he and Robert Connolly, aphysical anthropologist at Liverpool University, decide that it was an arm. Beside it wasa small piece of animal fur―perhaps the remains of clothing.

  Following the forearm down into the peat, Stead found a brown shiny object andthen, close by, two more. Seen under a magnifying glass, he suddenly realised theywere fingernails―“beautifully manicured and without a scratch on them,” he said.“Most people at this time in the Iron Age were farmers; but with fingernails like that,this person can t have been. He might have been a priest or an aristocrat.”Especially delicate work was required to reveal the head. On the third day, a curlysideburn appeared and, shortly afterwards, a moustache. At first it seemed that the manhad been balding but gradually he was seen to have close-cropped hair, about an inch ortwo long.

  “This information about his hairstyle is unique. We have no other informationabout what Britons looked like before the Roman invasion except for three smallplaques showing Celts with drooping moustaches and shaven chins.”

  The crucial clue showing how the man died had already been revealed, close to hisneck, but it looked just like another innocent heather root. It was not recognised untiltwo days later, when Margaret McCord, a senior conservation officer, found the sameroot at the back of his neck and, cleaning it carefully, saw its twisted texture. “He sbeen garrotted.” She declared. The ‘root was a length of twisted sinew, the thickness ofstrong string. A slip knot at the back shows how it was tightened round the neck.

  “A large discoloration on the left shoulder suggests a bruise and possibly a violentstruggle,” Stead said.

11. The X-rays that were taken showed Stead and Oldfield _____.

(A) a vague picture of the bones
(B) exactly what they were looking for
(C) which deposits were clay and which peat
(D) exactly how the man had died

12. The researchers suspected the man had met a violent death because _____.

(A) he was still wearing clothes
(B) similar bodies had been found elsewhere
(C) there were traces of a hanging rope in the peat
(D) he hadn t been buried in a coffin

13. It was the forearm they uncovered which _____.

(A) required the most delicate work
(B) indicated the age of the man
(C) told them something about the man s clothes
(D) led them to discover the fingernails

14. Why did the researchers think the man was possibly a priest?

(A) He had closely-cropped hair.
(B) His coat was fur-lined
(C) He had a drooping moustache and shaven chin.
(D) His fingernails were well looked after.

15. It was established that the man they dug out of the peat had been _____.

(A) beheaded
(B) strangled
(C) drowned
(D) stabbed in the neck

更多翻译资格考试相关信息请关注:

2008全国翻译资格等级考试网上辅导方案
2008年全国翻译资格等级考试下半年考试时间:11月8日,9日
全国翻译资格等级考试常见问题及解答
全国翻译资格等级考试大纲汇总
翻译资格等级考试用书推荐

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